Questions11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
We covet（垂涎）their food,their wine and their ability to stay slim while consuming both...but should we be admiring the French for their parenting skills,as well?
In her very buzzy new book,“Boring Up Bebe,”American mom and Paris resident Pamela Druckerman makes the argument that the French have a leg up on rearing their children.
"There is something about the way the French parent that makes it less of a grind and more of a pleasure,"writes Druckerman,A former Wall Street Journal reporter.She cites a 2009 study finding mothers in Ohio think caring for their children is far less pleasant than mothers in Rennes,France.
What exactly do French parents do that's so different from American parents?A few examples:
Teaching kids patience and self-control through delayed gratification:French parents teach their children to wait for what they want from an early age---for a few minutes,usually---instead of immediately given into kids'demands.
"I'm not convinced that,the secret of why French kids rarely whine or collapse into tantrums（发脾气）---or at least do so less than American kids---is that they've developed the internal resources to cope with frustration,"Druckerman writes.
Sleep training often begins at birth:in France,babies are expected to be sleeping through the night by the time they're four months old.Parents don't ignore their babies'cries but they do pause before responding to them.
"French parents believe it's their job to gently teach babies to sleep well,"she writes,."They don't view being up half the night with an eight-month-old as a sign of parental commitment."
They don't give in to guilt over spending time away from their kids:French women believe that"it's unhealthy for mothers and children to spend all their time together.…Children---Even babies and toddlers,get to cultivate their inner lives without a mother's constant interference."
11.It can be inferred from the first paragraph that
A.French people are superior to Americans.
B.French food is better than french wine.
C.French people are admirable.
D.French food as tasty.
12.The underline the words have a lock up in paragraph two probably means A.offer help B.gain advantage C.act fast D.stand up
13.Druckerman cites the 2009 study in order to show that
A.French parents are more friendly to their children.
B.American parents love their children very much.
C.French parents are more skillful.
D.American parents enjoy caring for children.14.It can be inferred from the passage that
A.American parents are more responsible.
B.American parents often have to be up half the night.
C.French parents often ignored baby's cries
D.French parents feel guilty spending time away from their kids.15.The writer may agree with the following statements except
A.French moms have more free time.
B.French way of parenting is better.
C.American kids are easily frustrated.
D.American kids are more independent.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
The U.S.Travel Association confirmed in a survey what many frustrated fliers already know:The No.1airport headache is passengers who pull too many carry-on bags through security and onto flight.
That number has skyrocketed in recent years---86 million more bags were carried on in the year than during the same period two years earlier,the Transportation Security Administration estimated.
The reason for the carry-on jump is no mystery:All the major domestic airlines now charge to check（托运）even one bag,generally$25.To save money and time at the baggage claim,passengers carry as much as they can on board,with predictable consequences.
At the security checkpoints,these millions of extra bags,many of them densely packed,means longer lines.Once pass security,the fun continues at boarding.On a typical flight,there is a fierce fight for scarce overhead bin space,extending the boarding process.Bags that are stuffed under seats make passengers even more uncomfortable.
There has got to be a better way.In fact,there is.Here's what a more sensible system would look like:
No fee for the first piece of checked luggage.It would be better if airlines simply raised fares（机票）instead of fees.Limit the carry-on size and charge for large carry-ons.Use templates（标尺）at the security checkpoints to cut off the monster bags that now often escape airlines staffs'notice until they're right at the door of the plane.Tax the airlines'income from fees the same way that fares are taxed.Currently,the fees are tax free,encouraging airlines to generate income through fees rather than fare increases.
We're sympathetic to the airline industry's need to make money,but the baggage fees---previously intended to offset rising fuel costs---have become an interrupt that slows down the security check,offloads costs onto fliers and makes the boarding process even more unpleasant than it already is.
16.What makes the air travelers most frustrated at the airport?
A.The limited overhead bin space for bags.
B.The number of bags they carry onboard.
C.The long line at the baggage claim.
D.The extra fee they have to pay for carry-ons.
17.What is the main cause of increasing number of carry-ons?
A.The fee for the first piece of checked baggage.
B.The tax placed on the fees on the carry-ons.
C.A bitter fight for the overhead bin space.
D.The complicated boarding process.
18.What does the author mean by saying"the fun continues at boarding"?
A.It's a great pleasure traveling by air.
B.There are even more troubles at boarding.
C.Passengers often feel relieved after passing security.
D.Passengers can relax in comfort once they are on board.
19.What is a predictable advantage to tax luggage fees according to the writer?
A.To offset rising fuel costs.
B.To keep the air fares from rising.
C.To discourage airlines from profiting from fees.
D.To stop oversized bags from passing the security.20.What is the writer's attitude toward airline industry?
A.Critical B.Sympathetic C.Approving D.Indifferent
Directions:In the following passage,some sentences have been removed.For questions 21—25,choose the most suitable one from the list A—G to fit into each of the numbered blanks.There are two extra choices,which do not fit into any of the gaps.Mark your answers on Answer Sheet.
Food is fuel.You need it for energy.When you don't eat,you lose energy.It's that simple.21()Unfortunately,it is almost impossible to get your daily recommended nutrients if you don't eat.
The daily nutrients are vital to the healthy functioning of all parts of your body.And although you may not notice when your body is running well,you certainly will notice when it starts to break down.Good daily nutrition is the easiest way to achieve health and best performance.22().
And the things you can't see,including a healthy immune system,are directly related to what you eat as well.23().
As with all successful efforts,planning is the key.If you typically don't have time for lunch,brown bag it and nibble when time allows.Energy bars,fruit,even a simple peanut butter and jelly sandwich provides an adequate supply of nutrients to get you through the afternoon.
24().Skipping midday meals leads to unhealthy binge eating（大吃大喝）in the afternoon and at dinner.Skipping dinner often leads to a similar fate late at night,and sleeping on a full stomach has its own negative impacts.
25().Chop herbs,onions,and vegetables and keep them in your freezer.Prepare sauces,and pre-portion meats.When you're busy,you are more likely to eat if you have something ready to go than if you have to start from scratch（从零开始）.
To maintain a healthy eating schedule,routine is the key.Standardized menus
may sound boring,but they make a lot of sense,especially if healthy eating is your goal.
A.When you do cook,cook extra.
B.Brain function,attentiveness,memory,and moods are all affected by nutrition.
C.Your body needs a constant flow of energy to run smoothly.
D.If time is your problem,planning is the key.
E.If you enjoy cooking,but are short of time,use your day off to prepare foods ahead of time.
F.When you skip meals,you are more likely to overeat the wrong foods at the next opportunity.
G.But today busy people find they do not always have time for meals.
Directions:In this section,there is a passage with ten blanks.You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.Please blacken the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet.
Dave needed to prepare for Saturday's fishing trip.He went into his hall closet,
26 he had more than 20 rods and reels.Nowadays he went fishing twice a year at Big Bear,a huge lake in southern California about 7,000 feet 27 in the mountains.
California tries to promote the fishing industry by sponsoring(发起)a Free Fishing Day twice a year,once in June and once in September.That appealed to Dave.He went mostly because it was a social event 28 a few friends,not so 29 to catch fish.Even by itself,the scenic drive up a twisty(弯弯曲曲的)two-lane road was worth the trip.Not to 30 the big,beautiful houses and trees that 31 the shore of the lake.
Packing was a project in itself.Dave had even created a computer file 32 Fishing Trip.It was a checklist of 45 things to take to Big Bear.If you go to Big Bear in June,you'd better be 33 for hot or cold,rain or 34.
He packed a couple of magazines to read just in case the fish weren't biting.He and his friends joked that the fish were always biting-in the spot you just left 35 the spot you were headed to.