Named for the dense shade of their thick pines,the Black Hills of South Dakota have for centuries been considered holy by the Lakota Sioux,once the most powerful tribe in the West.Today,because of the passions of a few artists,the land itself has become holy in another way.
It took the obsessed sculptor Gutzon Borglum,his son Lincoln,and four hundred workers fourteen years
（1927-1941）to complete an artistic and engineering project so monumental that no one believed it possible:carving and blasting the six-story faces of George Washington,Thomas Jefferson,Teddy Roosevelt,and Abraham Lincoln out of stony Mount Rushmore.A little trivia:Washington’s eyes are 11 feet wide,and his nose is 26 feet long.Mr.Lincoln,for his part,sports a mole（痣）that measures 16 inches across.
Just 17 miles away,the gigantic Crazy Horse Memorial is slowly taking shape.Also carved into granite（花岗岩）,this memorial,when completed somewhere around 2050,after a century’s labor,will depict（刻画）Native America’s greatest warriors chief on his horse,dwarfing Mount Rushmore at 563 feet tall.The horse’s nostril（鼻孔）alone will be large enough to hold a five-room house.
From Crazy Horse,head east on the beautiful 14-miles Needles Highway,past billion-year-old granite hills,to Sylvan Lake and then north to Spearfish Canyon Scenic Byway,whose landscape you’ll easily recognize as the backdrops used in the film Dances with Wolves.Alternatively,you can park your bags in the pleasant Game Lodge that served as Calvin Coolidge’s Summer White House.Of the historic inn’s seven rooms,you can still book the room the thirtieth president and his wife occupied during the three months in 1972.The lodge is one of three found within Custer State Park,whose 18-miles Wildlife Loop Road runs through unfenced meadows where herds of 1,500 buffalo roam.
11.The word“sports”in Paragraph 2 most probably means.
[A]is famous for
[B]is characterized by
[C]is decorated with
[D]is accompanied by
12.Of the four things mentioned in the passage,which one is the largest？
[D]Crazy Horse’s nose.
13.Which of the following projects is still in progress？
[C]Summer White House.
[D]Wildlife Loop Road.
14.What is NOT a feature that Mount Rushmore sculpture and Crazy Horse have in common？
[A]They were very large.
[B]They were carved out of granite.
[C]They were located in the Black Hills.
[D]They both depicted the Indian tribes.
15.Who is the thirtieth president of the US？
[A]Thomas Jefferson.[B]Teddy Roosevelt.
[C]Abraham Lincoln.[D]Calvin Coolidge.
11.C 【解析】林肯先生的雕像需点一颗 16 英寸的痣，故选项 C 正确。
12.D 【解析】华盛顿的眼睛是 11 英尺宽，他的鼻子是 26 英尺长；林肯的痣是 16 英寸；而疯狂的马的鼻子可容纳五间房子。
13.B 【解析】Crazy Horse 将在 2050 年左右完成，故还在建设中。
14.D 【解析】选项 D：它们都描绘了印第安部落，本文未提及。
15.D 【解析】最后一段可以得知 Calvin Coolidge 是美国第三十届总统。