Women are more efficient and trustworthy, have a better understanding of their workforce and are more generous with their praise. In short they make the best managers, and if men are to keep up they will have to start learning from their female counterparts, a report claims today.
The survey of 1,000 male and female middle and senior managers from across the UK is an indictment（谴
责）of the ability of men to function as leaders in the modern workplace.
A majority of those questioned believed women had a more modern outlook on their profession and were more open—minded and considerate. By way of contrast, a similar number believe male managers are self- centered and more likely to steal credit for work done by others.
Management Today magazine, which conducted the research, said that after years of having to adopt a masculine identity and hide their emotions and natural behavior in the workplace, women have become role models for managers.
The findings tally with a survey of female bosses carried out in the US. A five-year study of 2,500 managers from 450 firms found that many male bosses were rated by their staff of both sexes to be self-centered and autocratic（独裁的）. Women on the other hand leave men in the starting blocks when it comes to teamwork and communicating with staff.
In Britain more than 61% of those surveyed said men did not make better bosses than women. Female managers use time more effectively, with many of those surveyed commenting that juggling（兼顾的） commitments is a familiar practice for women with a job and a family.
Female managers also appear to make good financial sense for penny-pinching companies: most people,of either sex, would rather ask for a rise from a man.
16. What is the source of the data mentioned in the passage？
[A] A magazine. [B] A newspaper.
[C] A government white paper. [D] A university journal.
17. According to the passage, male managers tend to .
[A] be more selfless in teamwork
[B] ask more questions when surveyed
[C] be considerate leaders in a company
[D] claim the contribution made by their colleagues
18. What can be found after comparing the findings in the UK and in the US？
[A] The findings are irrelevant.
[B] The findings are contradictory.
[C] The findings match each other.
[D] The findings are not significant.
19. What does the phrase“penny-pinching companies”in Paragraph 7 probably mean？
[A] Companies that lack money.
[B] Companies that are very generous.
[C] Companies that earn a lot of money.
[D] Companies that are unwilling to spend money.
20. What is the main idea of the passage？
[A] Men are better managers than women.
[B] Women are better managers than men.
[C] Male managers are more willing to learn.
[D] Men leaders and women leaders have different advantages.
16.A 【解析】在 Pra.4 中提及由“今日管理”magazine 中获得数据。
17.D 【解析】在 Pra.3 中有 a similar number believe male managers are self-centered and more likely to steal credit for work done by others。男性经理趋于以自我为中心，窃取同事的工作成果。
18.C 【解析】通过 UK 和 US 调查研究对比，两者都说明女性比男性更适合担任经理。选项 C 指两者相互匹配。而选项 A：两者不相关，选项 B：两者矛盾和选项 D：两者发现没有意义，都不正确。
20.B 【解析】本文通篇研究证明女性比男性更适合管理。此外，选项 C 错误，本文建议男性经理应该向女性学习，而不是男性经理更愿意去学习。