Section B Short Answer Questions（每小题2分）
Directions:In this part there is a short passage followed by five questions or incomplete statements.Read the passage carefully.Then answer the questions or complete the statements with no more than 10 words.Please write your answers on Answer Sheet.(10 marks)
Lifestyle is the way a person lives;it includes work,leisure time,hobbies,other interests,and personal philosophy.One person’s lifestyle may be dominated by work with few social activities.Another’s may involve hobbies,recreational activities or personal philosophy.
There is little doubt that lifestyles are changing and that these changes will have an impact on the way business operates in the years ahead.Several cases are causing lifestyle changes in some developed countries.
First,there is more leisure time than ever before.The workweek is now less than forty hours,as compared with seventy hours a century ago.Some experts believe it will be twenty-five hours or less in a few decades.Several firms have adopted four-day workweeks with more hours per day.Others have cut down on the number of working hours each week.Reduced work schedules mean increased leisure time.
Second,families have fewer children than before—and young couples are postponing childbirth instead of having children early in the marriage.This trend has forced many businesses to modify their competitive strategies.Gerber Products Company used to advertise“babies are our business—our only business”.Now Gerber products include infant and toddler clothing,stuffed animals and accessories such as bottles,baby powder and so on.
Third,people are better educated and more prosperous now than they were earlier.These advantages bring with them the freedom to question current lifestyles and examine new ones.Inquiries of this nature have sometimes led to personal lifestyle changes.Today’s youth,for example,are not only better educated but more independent
and individualistic（我行我素的）than past generations.
The business world is only beginning to realize how people’s lifestyles can influence their behavior as employees,consumers and members of society.
56.How many hours did people work a century ago according to the passage?
57.Why have some businesses dealing with baby items changed their promotion strategies?
58.Why are the people in some developed countries more critical about their lifestyles?
59.What does the writer say about today’s young people?
60.Why is it important for the business world to realize the changes in people’s lifestyles?
Part III Translation(30 marks,30 minutes)（每小题3分）
Section A From Chinese to English
Directions:Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in the brackets.Please write your translation on Answer Sheet.(15 marks)
61.While people may refer to the Internet for up-to-the-minute news,（网络完全替代报纸是不可能的）.
62.（过去认为不可能的事）has now become a reality.
63.The teacher asked a difficult question,but finally Ted（想出了一个好的答案）.
64.I can’t afford to rent a house like that,（更不用说买了）.
Section B From English to Chinese
Directions:Translate into English the underlined sentences in the following passage.Write your translation on Answer Sheet.(15 marks)
Have you ever been bitten?Of course you have.You are surrounded by creatures that might,or do,bite.Even as you rest your head on your pillow,bedbugs are probably nibbling（啃）away at you.They live happily inside most pillows.
Take a walk outside and you are a target for“man’s best friend.”66)Hundreds of dog-bite victims visit US emergency rooms daily.Many bites are terrible.A vicious attack on a young woman in France led to the first face
transplant.67)To avoid the dogs in your neighborhood,you might want to hike into the desert or the woods.There,you run the risk of bites from rattlesnakes,scorpions,and blood-sucking ticks.Not to mention bears,wolves,and mountain lions.Even as they are becoming a threatened species,mountain lions are a growing threat in southern California as man continues to reduce their hunting areas by building housing tract after housing tract.
68)Speaking of housing,watch where you go in your house or garage.Shy but deadly,the black widow spider and the brown recluse spider make themselves comfortable in quiet areas of your closets or garage.One bite from either of them can make you very sick;occasionally,people die from such bites.69)Unfortunately,many people fear all spiders,not just the few dangerous ones.They squash them or run from them at first sight,not realizing that most spiders are actually beneficial to man.
If you’re concerned about bites,don’t forget about rabid animal bites.Any warm-blooded animal can get
infected with rabies（狂犬病）.Although humans in the US rarely get attacked by rabid animals,the disease is painful and dangerous.70)You will most likely die if you are not treated properly within 48 hours of being bitten.
Part IV Writing(30 marks,30 minutes)
Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Traditional Schools or Online Schools.You should write about 120 words following the Chinese outline given below.