浙江省 2015 年选拔优秀高职高专毕业生进入本科学习统一考试
2. 每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题纸上对应题号的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案的标号。不能答在试卷上。
阅读下列材料,从每小题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。
Karen Christiansen in Madison, Wisconsin, is licking stamps and addressing envelopes. Soon she and her fiance will be sending out invitations to their wedding. Meanwhile, Wei Yashung is at the hairdresser’s in Shanghai, China. She knows she will have a long wait. It’s May 18,the most popular day to get married in China. The room is filled with brides preparing for their special day.
“Everyone feels very emotional at this time. There are a lot of rituals and superstitions（迷信）at the wedding, ”says Maxine Rowe, an anthropologist.
Karen’s aunt and sisters help her check off the things she needs according to old customs. They recite the traditional verse, “Something old, something new, something borrowed, and something blue.”Friends and relatives gather around and contribute grandmother’s locket（纪念品盒）,a cousin’s wedding veil, or a blue garter to prepare for the ceremony.
Many wedding traditions in western cultures began long ago and were designed to protect the couple from ad luck.“The wedding veil is a Greek custom intended to hide the bride from evil spirits,” says Maxine.“The Romans contributed the custom of bridesmaids to confuse the spirits. Wedding bouquets had strong-smelling herbs to scare witches and devils.”
In China, thousands of couples choose May 18 for heir wedding day.“In the past, people consulted an almanac（历书）to find lucky days,” explains Maxine.“But in modern times a new tradition is being formed.”May 18 sounds very close in Chinese to “wo yao fa,” or “I will get rich.”It is considered a good omen to get married on this day.
Some people don’t think it’s a good idea for everyone to get married on the same day.“It’s silly and superstitious,” one reporter wrote. But hairdressers, florist, and owners of restaurants say it’s the best day. They can raise their prices and their services are fully booked. Maybe they are the ones who should be saying, “I will get rich.”
1. The overall structure of this passage can be called .
[A] comparison and contrast
[B] description of events in order of time
[C] details leading to conclusion
[D] generalization followed by details
2. An anthropologist in Paragraph 2 probably studies .
[A] hairstyles [B] Jewels [C] Almanac [D]customs
3. Why do Karen’s friends and relatives contribute a cousin’s wedding veil？
[A] Because it is something old.
[B] Because it is something new.
[C] Because it is something borrowed.
[D] Because it is something blue.
4. The word “omen” in Paragraph 5 probably means .
[A] a sign of star [B] a sign of present [C] a sign of past [D] a sign of future 5.What’s the writer’s tone in the last sentence “Maybe they are the ones who should be saying, ‘I will get rich.’”?
[A] Humorous. [B] Tolerant. [C] Matter-of-fact. [D] Furious.
The easiest and least complicated way to motivate somebody is quite simply to pay them attention. What you say is not particularly important, nor necessarily is how long you spend saying it, as long as it’s something.“Nice weather” or “How are you? ”will do.
People just love attention, adults and children. Children love attention so much that they will do anything to get some. In fact, if children are not getting enough attention, they would rather be naughty and get told off than be“good”and be ignores. An interesting time in most households with young children is dinnertime—it’s the end of the day, everybody is tired, the house is in a mess and Johnny doesn’t like carrots and is refusing to eat his food. Again, the easy trap to fall into is to start getting cross with Johnny and getting into a big argument about his food. Again, he’s getting the attention he desires；even if it’s not the best sort of attention, it’s better than nothing. It’s fascinating if you’re able to stand back from the situation and instead focus attention and praise on Johnny’s brother who is eating his food—after all, he’s the one that is doing what you want him to do. After five or ten minutes or so of being ignores and deprived of the attention, it’s amazing how quickly（usually）Johnny sees sense and obeys. I’ve watched my own children in this situation go from screaming from behind the sofa that they won’t eat their food, to sheepishly crawling to the table saying that maybe they’ll have a little bit, to sitting in their chair wolfing the lot and saying, “Mummy, aren’t I doing good dinner eating? ”—all without having one word spoken to them by their parents, who are busily paying attention to their brothers.
This fundamental need for attention, and doing whatever it takes to get it, doesn’t disappear when we turn into adults. Sure, there are people who are “real attention seekers” in a loud and extravert（外向的）way, and there are the shy, retiring types who don’t want attention in such a“sociable”way. But everybody still wants to be recognized and seen as worthwhile.
5. What will children probably do to get parents’ attention？
[A] They will keep quiet for a long time.
[B] They will ignore their parents.
[C] They will behave naughtily.
[D] They will get cross easily.
5. What does the phrase “the easy trap to fall into” in Paragraph 2 probably mean？
[A] A set-up situation parents are likely to go into.
[B] The household work parents can not avoid.
[C] Some tempting food children love to eat.
[D] A bad habit children easily develop.
6. An effective way to make children behave themselves may be to .
[A] scold them severely
[B] teach them what to do
[C] give them total freedom
[D] praise their sisters or brothers
7. “Real attention seekers”in the last paragraph are probably those who .
[A] motivate others to learn
[B] associate with shy types
[C] rely on negative attention
[D] arouse others’ attention openly
8. What point does the author make by relating to children’ s behavior？
[A] Children’ s upbringing needs parents’ constant care.
[B] Children are usually extravert while adults are sociable.
[C] Both adults and children need to be seen as worthwhile.
[D] The motivation of children differs greatly from that of adults.
Named for the dense shade of their thick pines, the Black Hills of South Dakota have for centuries been considered holy by the Lakota Sioux, once the most powerful tribe in the West. Today, because of the passions of a few artists, the land itself has become holy in another way.
It took the obsessed sculptor Gutzon Borglum, his son Lincoln, and four hundred workers fourteen years
（1927-1941）to complete an artistic and engineering project so monumental that no one believed it possible: carving and blasting the six-story faces of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Teddy Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln out of stony Mount Rushmore. A little trivia: Washington’s eyes are 11 feet wide, and his nose is 26 feet long. Mr. Lincoln, for his part, sports a mole（痣）that measures 16 inches across.
Just 17 miles away, the gigantic Crazy Horse Memorial is slowly taking shape. Also carved into granite（ 花岗岩）,this memorial, when completed somewhere around 2050,after a century’s labor, will depict（刻画） Native America’s greatest warriors chief on his horse, dwarfing Mount Rushmore at 563 feet tall. The horse’s nostril（鼻孔）alone will be large enough to hold a five-room house.
From Crazy Horse, head east on the beautiful 14-miles Needles Highway, past billion-year-old granite hills, to Sylvan Lake and then north to Spearfish Canyon Scenic Byway, whose landscape you’ll easily recognize as the backdrops used in the film Dances with Wolves. Alternatively, you can park your bags in the pleasant Game Lodge that served as Calvin Coolidge’s Summer White House. Of the historic inn’s seven rooms, you can still book the room the thirtieth president and his wife occupied during the three months in 1972. The lodge is one of three found within Custer State Park, whose 18-miles Wildlife Loop Road runs through unfenced meadows where herds of 1,500 buffalo roam.
5. The word“sports”in Paragraph 2 most probably means .
[A] is famous for
[B] is characterized by
[C] is decorated with
[D] is accompanied by
6. Of the four things mentioned in the passage, which one is the largest？
[A] Washington’s eyes.
[B] Washington’s nose.
[C] Lincoln’s mole.
[D] Crazy Horse’s nose.
7. Which of the following projects is still in progress？
[A] Lincoln’s face.
[B] Crazy Horse.
[C] Summer White House.
[D] Wildlife Loop Road.
8. What is NOT a feature that Mount Rushmore sculpture and Crazy Horse have in common？
[A] They were very large.
[B] They were carved out of granite.
[C] They were located in the Black Hills.
[D] They both depicted the Indian tribes.
9. Who is the thirtieth president of the US？
[A] Thomas Jefferson. [B] Teddy Roosevelt.
[C] Abraham Lincoln. [D] Calvin Coolidge.